How to feed a sick cat?
Not all cats should eat the same type and amount of food. Depending on age, weight, reproductive status or health, the food is different. Find mat for cat food. We must consider what composition is best suited to each case, especially if we have to feed a sick cat in which case a dietary management may be important to treat the disease.
The importance of feeding a sick cat properly
Certain diseases in cats or dogs require a control of the diet to have a favorable evolution. The presence or absence of certain nutrients, a certain composition, or a greater or lesser amount of daily calories, are sometimes key to maintaining a stable state of health.
Feeding a cat with kidney disease
Kidney problems are very common in cats and need special dietary management to reduce kidney damage. In this case, the amount of protein, phosphorus and sodium in the food composition is reduced.
In addition, omega-3 fatty acids are added to improve renal blood flow and B vitamins. Carbohydrates are increased to maintain energy levels and reduce protein metabolism so that the kidneys are not strained.
Feeding a diabetic cat
The specific diet for diabetes is rich in protein and fiber, and low in fat and carbohydrates. This type of diet aims to prevent obesity and reduce blood glucose levels. Sometimes, they have an arginine supplement that stimulates insulin secretion.
Feeding a cat with joint problems
Older cats can be prone to joint problems. To reduce joint pain and delay degeneration, more omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are added to the feed due to their anti-inflammatory properties. And eicosapentaenoic acid or other cartilage precursors are added as preservatives.
They are usually low in fat and energy, and are supplemented with L-carnitine to help maintain weight, since overweight overloads the affected joints and thus worsens the condition. The amount of protein, calcium, phosphorus and sodium is also reduced, making it an ideal food for older animals.
Feeding a cat with kidney stones
By controlling the feeding in these cats, the formation of kidney stones is reduced. This is done by restricting the amount of minerals that form struvite and calcium oxalate crystals. The amount of protein is also reduced, as in kidney disease. In addition, these feeds change the pH of the urine to make it harder for minerals to precipitate:
- Urine becomes acidic in the case of animals prone to form struvite crystals.
- For felines that form oxalate crystals, a feed that alkalinizes the urine is recommended.
More vitamin E and carotenes are added to these feeds as antioxidants that neutralize free radicals and help fight urolithiasis.
Feeding a cat with allergies
For a cat with food allergy or intolerance there are feeds formulated with highly digestible proteins, such as salmon, egg, duck… Carbohydrates are reduced to the less reactive ones, such as potato, rice or corn… There are also feeds with hydrolyzed protein.
In this case, the amount of fatty acids and antioxidants also increases, as they help to maintain healthy hair and skin.
Feeding a cat with digestive problems
For cats that suffer from diarrhoea or vomiting occasionally or periodically, a highly digestible diet with a high amount of fibre is recommended to recover the intestinal flora and low in fat. Electrolytes and vitamins are also added to compensate for losses due to vomiting and diarrhoea.